Is Euthanasia The Only Choice?-Viral Cervical Peritonitis (FIP)

Viral Cervical Peritonitis (FIP)

Viral Cervical Peritonitis (FIP) is an incurable disease caused by the cat coronavirus. There are two types of this virus: The first intestine(FCoV) sometimes leads to mild inflammation of the bowels (enteritis) with transient diarrhea and the other (FIPV) causes FIP.In laboratory findings is difficult to distinguish it, which is a challenge in diagnosing FIP. Coronavirus infection is most often caused by the infection of the infected cats, rarely through saliva and urine. A cat can carry this virus for years without any symptoms. According to recent studies, intestinal coronavirus (FCoV) is mutated in the virus (FIPV), which is multiplied and spreads throughout the body and leads to viral peritonitis.

FCoV is often present in households where large numbers of cats (asylum seekers, kennels …) are living because they share sand, water, food, bedding, etc. Each natural infection with FCoV can lead to a clinical FIP. The most sensitive kittens are still insufficiently developed immune systems that are exposed to large amounts of viruses. Although FIP may occur at any age, most commonly suffer from cats up to 2 years of age from the wet form of the disease, while older cats usually show symptoms of dry FIP.

The appearance of wet FIP usually precedes stress (homeowning, owner change, surgery) 4-6 weeks before the first symptoms. Due to damage to the blood vessel walls, a fluid buildup occurs in the body cavities, leading to an increased and abdominal abdomen or difficulty breathing (dyspnoea). In addition to other unspecific symptoms, the cat may have reduced appetite, an elevated temperature that does not respond to antibiotic therapy, pale or yellow mucosa. Most cats who suffer from a wet form of injury within 2 months of the appearance of the first clinical symptoms of the disease. Cats with a dry form of disease exhibit symptoms of several months to several years of infection.

Non-specific signs of the disease are rough hair, chronic weight loss, elevated temperature, loss of appetite and lethargy. Sometimes there is a change in the eyes, liver and nervous system. Most cats are injured within a few months of the onset of symptoms. There is no specific test for FIP (as with the cat aids and leukemia) because no laboratory test to determine the titer of the antibody can with certainty distinguish the intestinal coronavirus from the mutated which leads to FIP.For this reason, the FIP diagnosis is based on the clinical finding of the cats and its blood parameters (hematologic and biochemical) as well as the tests of fluid that accumulates in the chest and abdominal cavity. Definitive diagnosis can surely be confirmed by tissue biopsy after cessation of the cat. FIP treatment is reduced to symptomatic therapy with the use of immunosuppressants, anti-inflammatory drugs, and sword interferon-ω. The present therapy and frequent cats review too much stress for her, unfortunately, euthanasia is recommended.